Certain children and young people are more vulnerable to developing – or falling victim to – this unacceptable behaviour. Examples are children with different handicaps, or who have been victims of violence, assault or negligence, children from low socio-economic backgrounds or with stunted development or socialisation.
An early effort is imperative to prevent injury and provide help to vulnerable children struggling with problematic and harmful sexual behaviour. Such complex situations require a coordinated effort across professional groups. A well-established interagency relationship – with clear goals and defined roles – increases the chance of children getting the professional and social assistance they need – when they need it.
Harmful sexual behaviour is harmful both to the child it is inflicted on and the child displaying it, and requires immediate attention and reaction from adults.
A child exposed to harmful sexual behaviour needs help to regain their feeling of safety. Tell the child you are there for them to comfort them. Listen to and let the child navigate the conversation. Show the child you believe what they are saying, and that they made the right choice in telling you. Write down what the child tells you, as it may help following up on them later. Be aware that your role is not to be an investigator, but rather someone the child can trust and confide in. Ask open questions and let the child speak. Believe and support the child, and report to the Child Welfare Service or the Police.
Consider referral to BUP or a different aid agency. Also be aware that children and young people who have been exposed to violence or assault is a diverse group with diverse needs; treatment is different for every individual.
Som offentlig ansatt har alle en pålagt, lovfestet taushetsplikt. Grunnelementet i denne er forbudet mot å gi opplysninger om barn og foreldre til andre.
Alle har opplysningsplikt dersom barnevernet ber om opplysninger i en sak hvor de har mistanke om omsorgssvikt, fysisk mishandling, seksuelle overgrep m.m. (opplæringsloven § 15-3 og barnehageloven § 22).
Avverge vil si å forhindre en eventuell framtidig straffbar handling. Du har ikke plikt til å melde fra om straffbare handlinger som allerede er utført.
Avvergeplikten gjelder generelt der du vet med sikkerhet – eller anser det som mest sannsynlig – at en person vil foreta seksuelle overgrep, påføre noen alvorlig skade (inkludert alvorlig psykisk mishandling) eller ta livet av et annet menneske, jf. straffeloven § 196.